Differences in the levels of physiological-biochemical responses during physical exercise involving the lower and upper extremities in judo competitors Tomasz Pałka, Wiesław Błach, Grzegorz Lech, Wanda Pilch, Anna Tyka, Dariusz Mucha, Łukasz Tota, Tadeusz Ambroży, Renata Skalska-Izdebska Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts 2016; 7(1):7-15 ICID: 1199931
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 3.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
Introduction. In the available literature, the information about the differences in the level of physiological-biochemical responses on physical exercise performed using lower and upper limbs in judo competitors is rather sparse. Therefore, the basic goal of the study was to complete knowledge on the topic. Material and methods. The sample comprised judo 12 competitors who were tested for changes in the level of biochemical indicators using a graded test for the upper and lower limbs. Results. The mean age of the subjects was 20.8±1.56 years. Their body height and body mass were 177.8±6.31 cm and 70.9±6.21 kg respectively. The mean time of test exercise was 14.4±1.99 minutes for the upper limbs while the mean time of performing the test on the ergometer, requiring workout of the lower limbs was 16.08±2.56 min. The mean maximal minute oxygen uptake (vo2max) was x=2840±430 ml for upper limb workout and 3814±656 ml for lower limb workout. The threshold of aerobic transformations which was determined based on the analysis of respiratory gas kinetics was noted during the upper limb workout, on average during the 7.80±2.10 minute of the test while for the lower limb workout it was noted during the 8.83±2.17 minute. Conclusions. During the test exercise performed with the upper limbs, significant differences were noted in VO 2max values as well as the occurrence of anaerobic transformation threshold compared with the changes in these indicators during the test performed with the lower limbs. The results of this study can be of great value from the applicative and cognitive point of view, which would be helpful in developing training programs. The results also indicate that a special caution should be exercised when determining training loads for the upper limbs, based on the tests performed with the lower limbs.