Orthostatic trials and perceptual responses to daily loads during 25 days of preparatory period 1-day competition and 5 days of recovery period in elite female judokas Zbigniew Obmiński, Jarosław Mroczko Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts 2015; 6(1):27-33 ICID: 1174228
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 3.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
Introduction. Divergences between athletes and coaches appraisals of training may result in overdosing of exercises during preparatory period and to lead to maladaptation in their training schedules. The aim of this research was to check of usefulness of non-invasive methods of biological control of daily training loads in judo females. Material and methods. Five elite female senior judokas of various body mass were assigned to participation in the European Judo Championships which was held in Poland. The observations have been conducting every day throughout entire 31-day period, which included 25 day of the preparation, day of competition and 5 successive days of the post-event recovery. Orthostatic trials were conducting in the morning. General evening fatigue (GEF) were recording at 7:30 pm. Daily training load (TL) was estimated based on heart rate responses to the exertions (Andreyev method). Sleep quality (SQ) was rated with the use of 7-poit scale. Each judoka realized the same type of drills and of similar intensities, but their quantity were individually regulated based on the cardiac responses. Results. There were considerable between-subject differences in heart rate (HR) at supine- and upright and Δ HR. Judokas of the heavier body mass demonstrated higher HR variables. These morning cardiac parameters were alike after workout and rest days, but scores of SQ were significantly poorer after workout days. Scores of GEF were closely related to the TL. Conclusions. The results highlighted huge between-subject variability in orthostatic trials. There were significant relationships between scores of perception of fatigue and TL.