Level of selected movement coordination abilities in different trainings periods in athletes Polish National Team of Traditional Karate Włodzimierz Starosta, Tatiana Pawłowa Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts 2011; 2(2):95-101 ICID: 1047141
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 5.32
Abstract provided by Publisher
Introduction. Traditional karate belongs to the family of martial arts of the Far East. The popularity of this discipline of sport increases continuously. According to some sources the number of those practicing exceeds 10 million people. Karate requires movements of various complexity, that is, manifestation of all three levels of coordination. Achieving technical proficiency and sport success demands the manifestation of all basic coordination abilities at nearly the highest level. In spite of their leading importance in this discipline of sport, no research in this vital matter has been undertaken so far. Therefore, the aim of the research was to: 1. Define the level of coordination abilities among the leading karate competitors. 2. Establish its variability during the yearly training cycle. 3. Search the conditions of the level of these abilities. 4. Compare this level among athletes practicing various martial arts. Material and methods. The researches were conducted three times, with 13 competitors of the Polish national team, out of which many athletes have achieved considerable success at international arenas (European and World champions). The average age of those tested was 28. The following methods were applied in the researches: the measurement of the ability level for the kinaesthetic differentiation of the movement amplitude (with a kineasthesiometer), as well as the size of the muscle tension (with a tensodynamometer); global coordination and jumping ability tests of W. Starosta a test of static balance maintenance ability (posturography), and a questionnaire. Results and Conclusions. 1. Among the tested competitors practicing 7 different kinds of martial art sports, karate competitors demonstrated almost the highest level of movement global coordination (x = 848°). Only seniors of judo, many of whom belonged to the world’s elite, demonstrated a slightly higher level of coordination (by 8°). 2. The average arithmetical value of the 3 successive researches conducted every few months, did not differ much. It confirms that there are insignificant alterations in the level of coordination in the 10 month training cycle. Simultaneously, considerable differences of results among athletes was observed.