Physiological and biomechanical symptoms of physical adaptation to anaerobic and endurance exercises after 3-month period of increased sport activity in female fencers Zbigniew Obmiński, Maria Ładyga, Janina Starczewska-Czapowska, Lech Borkowski Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts 2011; 2(1):13-18 ICID: 1047113
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 5.32
Abstract provided by Publisher
Introduction. The aim of this research was to examine usefulness of biomechanical and physiological indices recorded during two various laboratory exercise tests for estimation of adaptation levels in female fencers over their 3-month period of increased physical activity. Material and methods. Seven female fencers participated in the studies which were conducted twice, before (on March) and after 3-month period of increased activity (on April). In both cases examined fencers underwent 10-second maximal (anaerobic) test (AT) on the first day. On the second day an incremental graded test (GT) was applied. Both efforts were undergone on cyclo-ergometer. The biomechanical parameters were recorded during AT, and blood samples prior (-15 min) to GT and after (+3 min) it was taken for determination of pH value, blood lactate, cortisol and testosterone levels. Results. Some parameters of AT improved after training period, but not significantly. 3-month training period resulted in significant rise of pre-GT testosterone and somewhat higher cortisol levels. Pre -GT heart rate and post-GT rating perceived exertion slightly decreased, by 8.4 and 7.5% respectively. Conclusions. Because in the March the physical fitness was quite well, thus magnitude of post training changes in examined parameters was small except increase of blood hormones. Despite this the results suggest usefulness of both exercise tests for monitoring of training effectiveness. The more reliable applications need the studies conducted on a bigger sample.