Martial arts as methods of physical rehabilitation for disabled people Dariusz Boguszewski, Paulina Torzewska Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts 2011; 2(1):1-6 ICID: 1047111
Article type: Other
IC™ Value: 2.66
Abstract provided by Publisher
The origins of disabled sports date back to the nineteenth century. Compared to the Olympic sport, it has much shorter tradition, although the idea of using physical activity in rehabilitation of disabled people has developed rapidly. It is due to the foundation of the International Paralympic Committee in 1989, which inaugurated a new trend in dealing with disabled athletes in terms of sporting, social, professional and scientific aspects. A number of sports for disabled people have been created for the past several decades, some of them, seemingly inappropriate for people with impairments, such as martial arts and strength sports. However, it appears that fencing and judo, as well as arm-wrestling are sport disciplines successfully practised by disabled people. They are a great alternative for those lonely, idle and helpless people. They are also an opportunity for comprehensive rehabilitation. A sport training has primarily a curative, preventive and psychological function. According to the opinion of disabled people, practising combat sports and strength sports gave them the opportunity to be more self-sufficient, assertive and financially independent. Their self-esteem has improved due to the sport, they feel important and needed. The research shows how important the sport is for disabled people; according to these studies the athletes themselves gave up hospital rehabilitation for sport. The sport practised under the supervision of a physical therapist and a sports medicine doctor is an important part of rehabilitation and a way to a new better life [1,43,44,45].
The aim of this study is to present a selection of martial arts used for physical rehabilitation of disabled people. Based on the available scientific literature, we attempt to show and verify the values of sports practised by disabled people (illustrated with examples of the above-mentioned sports disciplines).